Client radio to AP radio distance  
With an 8dBi omni-directional antenna on the AP radio, clients can associate (on 802.11b/g) from 300 meters provided the client is in line of site with the mesh node.  If the client device in not in line of site, the distance decreases to 100-150 meters. Range depends on connectivity modes.  Clients on 802.11b can achieve twice the range of 802.11g mode.

The range between client and mesh node Access Point (AP) depends largely on whether or not the client is in line of site with the node. Since client radios typically have very small antennas and often hidden inside casings, the client radio is typically not within line of site with the node. Additionally there are usually obstructions (trees, walls) to contend with.  Dense trees in between the client and the node, reduces effective range. Trees are soaked with rain, or covered with snow will also decrease effective distance.  
Walls attenuate signal as well.  The degree of attenuation is effected by the thickness and number of walls through which the signal is traveling. Concrete and metal attenuate signals more than wood structures.  
The effective range of the AP radio to client radio is also dependent upon the desired connectivity of the node-to-client link.  For a connectivity of 54 Mbps, clients have to be much closer to the node than for a connectivity of 6 Mbps.  

Range is also dependent upon the connection rate of  the radio link.  For a RF connectivity of 54 Mbps (raw),  AP radios need to be placed closer together than for a connectivity of 6 Mbps. The table below is the performance characteristics of a 2.4GHz AP radio card. The radio card transmitting at 54 Mbps will output 21 dBm of power.  However, at 6 Mbps data rates, the power output increases to 26 dBm or almost quadruple the power. 5 dBm added to the link budget enables more range (at the cost of data rate loss)
Note also that the receiver in the radio card needs to "hear" a transmitted signal at a minimum of -74 dBm in order to accept a data rate of 54 Mbps.  But the card accepts a data rate of 6 Mbps, with a much lower -94 dBm signal.  Node-to-node distance varies significantly while still maintaining a "good" connection at different data rates.  A range estimation worksheet is provided for those interested in estimating ranges for different antenna gains and usage conditions.   

Related Links:

MD4000 Product Brochure (Includes technical specifications and standard product configurations)
MD4000 Installation Guide  (Guidelines on antenna selection, model configuration, trouble shooting)
MD4000 Network Configuration Guide (Detailed instructions on setting SSID, Encryption, QoS, VLANs etc)